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Materials, finishes, treatments, etc. of DE-STA-CO products are changed from time-to-time to improve performance or reliability. These items are, naturally, subject to change without notice. In the interest of catalog longevity they are not discussed in detail throughout the catalog pages. As of the date of releasing this on line document, however, the following specifications were in force and can be considered reasonably stable.

Forged components (notably the squeeze action clamps are made from C-11141 material and heat treated to RC 28-34 to improve resistance to bending and create a wear surface for the pivot pins.


Used for bases on some of the larger clamps, castings are made of ductile iron, heat treated to properties of steel. They have the wear resistance of iron together with greater strength and excellent shock and impact resistance.

The "holding capacity" of DE-STA-CO toggle clamps has been determined by actual tests. It is defined as the maximum amount of force which may be applied to the work holding bar, in the closed position, without creating permanent deformation of the clamp components. This maximum force is measured at a point closest to the base and diminishes as the spindle approaches the end of the bar. The rating for holding capacity should not be exceeded. These values do not include and "safety factor".

The "exerting force" of our air/oil toggle clamps is well defined and can be found here. Manually operated clamps present a series of variables to determine actual exerting force.
These variables are:

(a) the force exerted on the handle by the operator;
(b) the point on the handle where this force is applied;
(c) the mechanical advantage in the linkage; and
(d) the point on the work holding bar where the force will be measured. As a general rule, the mechanical advantage available throughout the line ranges from 2:1 to 10:1

Clamp components and spindle assemblies are modeled, of Nylon 6/6 with 30% glass fiber reinforcement. Removable yellow clamping pads on "BC" and "CC-Y" models are urethane. The spring on "BC" models is music wire. Nylon is inert to most organic chemicals such as esters, ketones, alcohols, and hydrocarbons. It resists alkalis and salt solutions, but is attacked by phenols, formic acid, strong mineral acids and oxidizing agents. Maximum temperature is 170° F.

A number of the squeeze action clamps are available in high strength aluminum alloy selected for the highest and most stable combination of strength with impact resistance, dimensional stability and fatigue endurance. Jaws are forged; handles are cast and heat treated.

the plating on most steel toggle clamp parts is a zinc plating with a bright finish, which conforms to Government specification QQZ325 Type 1, Class 3. Many cast and forged bases are black oxide finished.

Power clamps can be actuated by pneumatic pressure or hydraulic fluid. Most of the cylinders are of tie-rod construction for maximum strength and have hard chrome-plated or ground stainless steel piston rods. Rod seals are generally a quad-seal. The small bore cylinders, through 1 1/8", also have quad-seals for piston seals and the larger bores have U-cups. The standard cylinder is supplied with Buna N seals and may be operated over a temperature range of -40° to +250° F. Also available is a high temperature seal kit with Viton seals, which extends the temperature range from -20° to +400° F. It also can be used in service with most of the exotic fluids.

The standard light and medium-duty clamps are made from C-1008 or C-1010 low carbon, cold rolled steel. The work holding clamp bars and other components of our medium and heavy-duty clamps are made from C-1018, a cold finished, low carbon, case hardening steel.
The pivot pins in most of our clamp models are very close-tolerance, cold-drawn, 430 stainless steel headed rivets. In the heavy-duty models, hardened and ground replaceable pins are used.
Bushings are made of low carbon steel, case hardened for wear and serrated on the circumference to ensure non-rotating, long wearing bearing surface for the pivot pins.
Spindle assemblies are made from cold-drawn bar, Grade 2, and plated with zinc. The bonded spindle tip is oil-resistant, black neoprene with a durometer of 70-80 Shore A to provide adequate compressibility and resiliency.

Note: Engineering dimensions and specifications in this catalog are subject to change without notice.

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Toll Free! 1-800-526-6003

M.J. Vail Company
10 Ilene Court - Suite 4 - Hillsborough, New Jersey 08844  USA
Phone Toll Free-1 800 526-6003 * In NJ- 908 359-6000
FAX- 908 359-0518